- Why choose Law as a course to study?
It’s a profession that empowers. Depending on what you choose to make of it, it can be financially enriching as well as socially important. Law is a globally well-regarded profession.
In addition to allowing you to make a difference in your life, it allows you to make a difference to other people’s lives as well. We are sure that by now you would have understood that law permeates all aspects – from your personal life, your school to how the governance in this country is run.
Over the years even in India law has become a lucrative course to pursue due to a wide array of opportunities it provides. A law graduate can pursue 1. Litigation, 2. Civil Service Examinations, 3. Social Work, 4. Legal Advisor with Government and Private Corporations, 5. Law Firms, 6. Academia & Scholarship among others.
- How do I prepare for a career in law?
The course for the preparation of law requires only diligence, determination and patience. The syllabus includes important topics from each of the offered five sections– English, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, and Logical Reasoning.
The syllabus can be vast for someone who does not keep themselves updated about current affairs, politics and civics. With some practice and guidance, you would find that it does not involve rocket science. Preparation would involve reading subjects such as 12th Class Mathematics, General Knowledge, History, Civics, Current Affairs, English Language, Logical reasoning, Legal Aptitude and Basic Legal Knowledge, and Comprehension.
One should attempt as many mocks as they can to improve speed and accuracy and always analyze the mistakes and scope of improvement without losing the motivation or focus as it becomes the key to make a difference in later stages. The candidates should be aware of constitutional, financial, legal, and international economic happenings and the current affairs over the year and for this one can refer to some good newspaper or news channel or even current affairs websites.
The most important thing after all in the preparation is time management, and with some mock exams, you will learn that too.
- How to apply?
CLAT, which is the abbreviation for Common Law Admission Test is the key to get into top National Law Universities, including NLSIU-Bangalore. It is an online entrance test conducted by a different National Law University (NLU) each year. The registration process can be done on the official website of CLAT. There are 200 questions testing the aptitude of the candidates and the questions are asked from English, Legal Aptitude, General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics and Logical Reasoning. The candidate is given 2 hours to solve all the questions.
Besides the CLAT, there are other individual entrance tests as well. This includes the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET), which is conducted by the National Law University – Delhi. You can find more details about AILET on its website. Similarly, the Law School Admission Test is conducted for admission into 85 law schools across the country, including Jindal Global Law School. Furthermore, there is Symbiosis Law Admission Test (SLAT) for 300 seats in BA LLB and 420 seats in BBA LLB at Symbiosis campuses of Pune, Hyderabad and Noida.
Lastly, Central Universities such as Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University and Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Each of these universities conducts its own admission tests, that can be accessed on their respective websites. These universities are institutions with a long heritage and a lasting legacy. They are known to provide quality education at accessible costs.
- What are the National Law Universities?
National Law Universities are Universities set up as centres of legal excellence. They are at top of the ladder not only in Indian legal education but also attract several international students. The Universities are primarily known for their significant exposure to students and enabling them to chart diverse career paths. Furthermore, with more rigorous academic standards, important infrastructure-especially libraries, all-round development, moot and peer support there make National Law Schools one of a kind experience. Admission to most of them is through CLAT
- Does Law Entrance require one to opt for a specific stream in 10+2?
Students of any stream can sit for the law exam. The paper is normally balanced so as to not give any advantage to one stream a over another. Given the syllabus it is not as if you would be prejudiced by choosing one discipline over another. However, understanding of Mathematics and English is always helpful.
- What stream to opt for after 10th class for the law?
As the law is a course which you start learning from the very basics, therefore, one doesn’t really need a specific stream if he/she wants to join law as a career. So be a student in any stream (Science, Commerce or Humanities), he/she will be able to apply for law colleges. Humanities can be preferred as it enhances General Awareness. Also, later in 1st year of law schools humanities subjects are taught where a humanities student can perform better.
- What is the timeframe of legal education?
There are two formats of legal education. The traditional one espouses a three-year graduation followed by a three-year degree in law. The National Law Universities, however, provide a five-year integrated program, the most commonly awarded degree being B.A.LLB(Hons.).
- What can I do right now which will give me a head start for entrances?
You can start by focusing on the following –
- Staying in touch with General Knowledge and Current Affairs: read a good newspaper everyday, and follow current affairs websites such as gktoday.in
- Focusing on improving your comfort with English grammar and reading. Depending on your familiarity with the language, you can consider improving your reading speed and comprehension by regularly reading the newspaper and other publications. It is also recommended that you consider picking up books such as Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis and English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin
- Practicing basic mathematics problems and learning short-tricks for time-saving. You can refer to K. Tyra’s Maths Short Tricks
- Having a basic knowledge of the law by reading books like Pearson’s guide to CLAT or EBC’s CLAT Guide
- Solving questions on logical reasoning questions from above-listed CLAT guides or from books such Taxmann’s Logical Reasoning, Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey.
- How much Percentage do I need to achieve to get through a good college?
Colleges take a varied minimum percentage for law entrance. It varies from 45-60% but most of the colleges take admission if the candidate in general category has scored 45% and above in their qualifying examination, however the same for ST/SC candidate goes to 40%.
- What will be the fees of Entrance tests and preparation materials?
The fee for entrance tests varies according to the institution that conducts the examination. It is advised that you check the fee required for admission tests when the notification for the same is issued. Furthermore, other costs may include purchase of material (approximate cost: INR 5000), coaching fees or fees for a mock test series (ranging between INR 3000 to 8000).
If you require financial support, please feel free to write to us. ALEM will make the necessary efforts for you to find the right resources.
- Is there any online hub one can refer to preparations?
There are numerous coaching platforms which provide you with online classes as well as test series such as CLATGyan, CLATPossible, Career Launcher, TIME, CLATapult, Top Rankers, Delhi Law Academy, UNAcademy etc. Other than these, candidates can refer to YouTube channels like StudyIQ, Sanyog Vyas Law Classes, StudySmart etc.
- What are the fee structure of NLUs and other good institutes?
The fee structure in NLUs is not exactly the same but they differ with a really small margin with the fee laying around 1,10,000-1,70,000 INR per year. The fee in private universities is generally much higher than that of NLUs with fee laying between 80,000-1,60,000 per semester. The cheapest fee is generally of the central universities with the fee structure of approximately 10,000-15,000 per year.
- Is there any Scholarship for the course?
Our central and state government provides scholarships to economically weak students and students from weaker background and minorities. The national scholarships are available to the students at https://scholarships.gov.in/ and state government’s scholarships programs will be available at their respective websites. Other than these, there are scholarships from the institution on the basis of performance in the classes and there are also some companies like Shell, Microsoft, Samsung which provide scholarships to the students.
- After B.A.LLB, what are the courses in masters?
After B.A.LLB, one can pursue a Masters of Law degree (LLM), you, can choose a specific topic for your specialization in it. Some examples of specialization in subjects are Business Laws, Constitutional Law, Taxation Law, Trade Law, Intellectual Property Law and International Law.
Furthermore, Law graduates often pursue masters in other connected disciplines such as Business Administration (MBA), humanities subjects (MA), public policy (MPP or MPA) and diplomacy (MALD).
- How many years will it take to have an established practice?
It varies, depending in the field and area of practice. For example, the time required for you to have an established practice in transactional law will be different from the time it may take for you to set up a litigation practice. Similarly, it may also vary depending on the field of your practice – it is possible that practicing in niche areas such as Taxation may require more time than other fields. Lastly, it is important to keep in mind that law is a profession and requires individual initiative and the opportunities you create.
- How does ALEM work?
ALEM works with organisations such as IDIA which provides us with a support system. Our volunteers give presentations primarily in schools and help reach out to motivated students. They provide them with online and offline guidance during the period of preparation. Along with this, law students and professionals provide guidance to ALEM students which gives direction to their hard work.. On clearing an entrance if an ALEM student faces financial constraints, then ALEM gathers support to provide them aid.
(We are grateful to Husain Aanis Khan & Syed Mohammad Haroon, Faculty of Law Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi for writing these FAQs)